Science Benchmark
Evolution is central to modern science’s understanding of the living world. The basic idea of biological evolution is that Earth’s present day species developed from earlier species. Evolutionary processes allow some species to survive with little or no change, some to die out altogether, and other species to change, giving rise to a greater diversity of species. Science distinguishes itself from other ways of knowing and from other bodies of knowledge through the use of empirical standards, logical arguments, and skepticism, as science strives for explanations of the world.

Standard 5 Resource Guide:

Position Statement on Teaching Evolution:

Learning goal sheet which needs to filled out for every objective:

Rubrics for objectives:
You will be creating your own unless otherwise told.

Objective 1: Relate principles of evolution to biological diversity.

a. Describe the effects of environmental factors on natural selection.

b. Relate genetic variability to a species’ potential for adaptation to a changing environment.

c. Relate reproductive isolation to speciation.

d. Compare selective breeding to natural selection and relate the differences to agricultural practices.

Video from NOVA:

Powerpoint for Objective 2:

Objective 2: Cite evidence for changes in populations over time and use concepts of evolution to explain these changes.

a. Cite evidence that supports biological evolution over time (e.g., geologic and fossil records, chemical mechanisms, DNA structural similarities, homologous and vestigial structures).

b. Identify the role of mutation and recombination in evolution.

c. Relate the nature of science to the historical development of the theory of evolution.

d. Distinguish between observations and inferences in making interpretations related to evolution (e.g., observed similarities and differences in the beaks of Galapagos finches leads to the inference that they evolved from a common ancestor; observed similarities and differences in the structures of birds and reptiles leads to the inference that birds evolved from reptiles).

e. Review a scientific article and identify the research methods used to gather evidence that documents the evolution of a species.

Objective 3: Classify organisms into a hierarchy of groups based on similarities that reflect their evolutionary relationships.

a. Classify organisms using a classification tool such as a key or field guide.

b. Generalize criteria used for classification of organisms (e.g., dichotomy, structure, broad to specific).

c. Explain how evolutionary relationships are related to classification systems.

d. Justify the ongoing changes to classification schemes used in biology.


Virtual Labs:

Worksheet to go with the lab:

Video resources:

Endosymbiosis movie: 5:42


Quiz on Stickleback Fish Evolution:

Assignments after viewing:

Standard 5 Lectures:



Natural Selection and Adaptation:



Assignments after the movie:

Making of a Theory: This video is about 30 minutes long so keep that in mind.
Film in its entirety.

Orgin of Species Quiz_Theory.pdf
Orgin of Species Quiz_Theory.pdf

Orgin of Species Quiz_Theory.pdf Part 1 of 3 since total of 30 minute will break it up into 3 10 minute chunks Part 2 of 3 Part 3 of 3

Assigment for after viewing this as well:

Lizards and Evolution Tree: This video is about 18 minutes long

Lizards in Evolution Tree Quiz (1).pdf
Lizards in Evolution Tree Quiz (1).pdf

Lizards in Evolution Tree Quiz (1).pdf Part 1 of 2 Parts Part 2 of 2

Assignments after viewing:

Finches Beak: Video is about 16 minutes long
The short film off of HHMI youtube channel

Quiz_Finches Beaks (1).pdf
Quiz_Finches Beaks (1).pdf

Quiz_Finches Beaks (1).pdf Part 1 of 2 Part 2 of 2

Assignment for after viewing:

Natural Selection in Humans: This is about 14 minutes long

IDGQuiz_SickleCell (1).pdf
IDGQuiz_SickleCell (1).pdf

IDGQuiz_SickleCell (1).pdf

NatureOfScience_Student (1).pdf
NatureOfScience_Student (1).pdf

NatureOfScience_Student (1).pdf



Advantages of genetics in a population:

The Making of the Fittest: Got Lactase? The Co-evolution of Genes and Culture:

Quiz for this:




Making of the Fittest: Evolution of the Stickleback Fish — HHMI BioInteractive Video

Quiz for this:

The Icefish Has Clear Blood — HHMI BioInteractive Video

Quiz for this movie:

Worksheets after this movie: & PowerPoint:


S5O3b: S5O3 b&c (Doceri)



Language science students should use: evolution, fossil record, geologic record, molecular, homologous, vestigial structures, mutation, recombination, hierarchy, classification scheme, theory, natural selection, adaptation, evidence, inference, speciation, biodiversity, taxonomy, kingdom, virus, protist, fungi, plant, animal, dichotomy